Classical Marxism has been further criticised as being too deterministic. For example, if capitalism is to continue, future workers must be socialised, workers who rebel must be punished and so on. In so doing, they use the forces or means of production. In the case of Claude McKay, Marxist theory provided a framework for issues of racial inequality and justice that were often addressed in his works.
In essence, Marxists believe that a work of literature is not a result of divine inspiration or pure artistic endeavor, but that it arises out of the economic and ideological circumstances surrounding its creation.
According to Marx, capitalist society — such as the one we live in — is based on the division between two main classes — the Bourgeoisie ruling class and the Proletariat subject class.
These provide an alternative account of historical development and emphasize the self-destructive contradictions and law of motion of specific modes of production.
For example, it shapes the nature of religion, law, education, the state and so on. These ideas guided both literary creation and official literary criticism in the Soviet Union,  where works focused on the lives of the different classes. Marx argues that under capitalism, workers experience alienation because they have no control and the increasing division of labour means that work becomes a futile, meaningless activity.
In the earliest stages of human history, these forces were just unaided human labour, but over time people develop tools, machines and so on to assist in production i.
The event instigated a change in belief around socialist ideals in government and society. This involves the development of class consciousness and follows the revolutionary movements that challenge the dominant classes.
Marx argued that in any class-based society — be it ancient, feudal or capitalist — one group gained at the expense of the other. The means of production would then be put in the hands of the state and run in the interests of everyone, not just of the bourgeoisie.
A new type of society — socialism developing into communism — would be created, which would be without exploitation, without classes and without class conflict. First, too much importance is given to the economy in the economic base-superstructure distinction.
Following on from this, capitalism continually expands the forces of production in its pursuit of increasing profit. Sociology However, there are differences between Marxists especially over the way which social change can come about. Some workers may want change but fear unemployment, while others may tolerate capitalism because they feel they have no choice rather than blind acceptance.Translated: by Rose Strunsky in HTML markup by David Walters in August Proofread and completed by Einde O’Callaghan in January using the RedWords (London) edition of Literature and Revolution.
Originally published: by the Soviet Government in these essays by Trotsky. Literature of Revolution explores the pivotal texts and topics in the Marxist tradition, drawing on the works of Marx, Trotsky, Luxemburg, Lenin, and Althusser.
In close dialogue with common themes and arguments in revolutionary Marxist thought, Geras brings some of his persistent preoccupations to the fore: the relationship between. Published: Mon, 5 Dec Since the advent of Marxism, literary critics have analyzed works in attempts to extract elements of the political philosophy.
As critic Terry Eagleton asserts, the aim of “Marxist criticism is to explain the literary work more fully; and this means a sensitive attention to its forms, styles and meanings.
Marxism Marxism started in its early years as an economic and sociopolitical worldview and method of socioeconomic inquiry centered upon a materialist interpretation of history, a dialectical view of social change, and an analysis–critique of the.
Essential essays on key Marxist writers from a leading political thinker Literature of Revolution explores the pivotal texts and topics in the Marxist tradition, drawing on the works of Marx, Trotsky, Luxemburg, Lenin, and Althusser.
About Literature of Revolution Essential essays on key Marxist writers from a leading political thinker Literature of Revolution explores the pivotal texts and topics in the Marxist tradition, drawing on the works of Marx, Trotsky, Luxemburg, Lenin, and Althusser.Download