In what circumstances are referendums held

But talk of referendums began to seep back into politics discourse in the early s — often on European issues — and the manifesto on which Labour was elected in contained several referendum proposals.

In any case, opinion polls suggested that the Scottish electorate would vote to remain part of the UK.

Direct Democracy

Broad provision for holding a referendum was included in the Northern Ireland Entry into Negotiations etc Actbut no referendum was held at that point. To date the previous three UK-wide referendums inand were all pre-legislative.

But not all constitutional issues have been put to a referendum — major changes such as the Maastricht Treaty and the Human Rights Acts were introduced without one.

The Commission will review the role and conduct of referendums in the UK and is expected to produce a report and recommendations in summer If the bill is approved by an absolute majority of both houses, the Constitution provides that it must be submitted to the electors no less than two months but no later than six months after passage.

One concerning the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe was cancelled, given the French and Dutch rejections of the treaty. Labour initially intended to introduce devolution without holding new referendums, arguing that it would obtain a mandate through the endorsement of its manifesto in the election.

It said that, unlike in Scotland and Wales, manifesto commitments would not suffice, as the issue was less salient with the English electorate and the geographical basis for devolution less settled.

Infour proposals were put to the people by the Whitlam Government without the support of the Senate.

Legally, Parliament at any point in future could reverse legislation approved by referendum, because the concept of parliamentary sovereignty means no Parliament can prevent a future Parliament from amending or repealing legislation.

In three of these instances, the referendum received a majority in three states. Opposition by state political parties, or by powerful interest groups, has also contributed to referendum failure. There is no similar time limitation if the bill is approved by one House of the Commonwealth Parliament only.

Referendums in Australia

The original intention was to hold a referendum on whether to give the Assembly primary legislative powers. Despite the devolution referendums, the referendums on devolution in Scotland and Wales were not as inevitable as is often assumed. Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg made clear that voting reform would be a compulsory component of any post-election deal.

Similarly, many commentators pointed to the strong opposition of church groups as a reason for the failure of the Rights and Freedoms referendum. Although none of the votes was over additional powers over commerce and industry granted to the government, at least two successful referendums can be characterised as giving the Commonwealth more powers: List of referendums and plebiscites[ edit ] Each referendum asked electors to answer "Yes" or "No" to a single question, except for the song plebiscite where electors were asked to choose between four songs.

It gave the Liberal Democrats a chance to achieve some electoral reform.What are the arguments for and against the holding of popular referendums? Under what circumstances, if any, should they be held?

The referendum has its origins in direct democracy, and can therefore be dated back to the 5th Century BC in the Greek city state of Athens. The concept of a referendum.

Jan 18,  · Best Answer: Between andthere were 4 referendums in Britain. Between andthere have been 4 more. However, 7 of these were for local issues and only one was for a national question.

Two have been on Northern Ireland, 4 have been on devolution, one has been on the issue of the Lord Status: Resolved. Referendums in the United Kingdom are very occasionally held at a Since there have been eleven other referendums held by the Government of the United Kingdom within the constituent countries related to Legislation in England and Wales obliges local authorities to hold and abide by the results of referendums in certain Kingdom EC referendum: Each jurisdiction has its own laws governing the permissible subject matter for a referendum and the circumstances under which a referendum will be held.

For example, here is what the Secretary of State of California (where I practice) has to say. Referendums in Australia are polls held in Australia to approve parliament-proposed changes to the Constitution of Australia or to the constitutions of states and territories.

Polls conducted on non-constitutional issues are usually referred to as plebiscites. Referendums held in the UK A referendum is a method of referring a question or set of questions to the entire electorate directly.

Since there have been eleven referendums held in the UK, the majority of them have been related to .

In what circumstances are referendums held
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