The first is anticipatory socialization that happens before joining the organization or taking a new job s. Internal promotion is based on performance, achievements and succession planning Mayhew, Finally, it will describe the concept of organizational socialization and how the principles of organizational psychology can be applied to organizational socialization.
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Two issues at this stage include the realism of self and organization and the congruence of self and organization s. Realism is the responsibility of both s. Selection interviewing is a way to further define the selection of candidates by the recruiters and hiring managers Mayhew, The new employee brings in expectations from the first stage, compares them to the reality of the organization, and is the time to learn the ropes s.
To test the technical and functional expertise the use of situational and competency-based questions is used Mayhew, The data used comes from survey, interviews, observation, and sometimes organizational records Jex, Perfect is the duty of the psychologist to perfect the talent pool through training, coaching, and leadership development Crosby, When people are happier in their work environment a company is more successful than having unhappy and less fulfilled employees.
Finally, the psychologist uses persuasion to help organizations design programs that take into consideration the idiosyncrasies of human behavior Crosby, If there is a lack of these it could result in a high turnover, low satisfaction, low organizational commitment and poor job performance.
People are the heartbeat of any business, neglect this fact and the business will not last long enough to talk about it Crosby, Organizational Socialization Organizational socialization is a process where people learn about an organizations culture and makes the transition from outsider to member s.
For the organization it is the positive and negative side of working for the company and for the potential employee it is to present an accurate picture of self s.
The hiring process through the eyes of organizational psychologist is to select, perfect, and persuade. The use of behavioral interview questions helps predict how the candidate will perform in the job Mayhew, The steps involved in the recruitment and selection process include strategic planning, sourcing candidates, preliminary screening, selection interviewing and the selection.
The select process uses cognitive measures, personality profiles, interviews, and skills testing to find a fit between the candidate and the job Crosby, For sourcing candidates recruiters use methods such as cold calling and job fairs to find qualified applicants Mayhew, This is the breaking in stage.
In informal organization having goals in writing or even stated is doubtful Jex, The objective of this paper is to achieve a better understanding of what organizational psychology is.
Conclusion Organizational psychology is defined as the scientific study of individual and group behavior in formal organizational settings. High-level positions focus on searching for candidates who have specialized skills or professional expertise Mayhew, Organizational socialization occurs in three stages: The last stage is change or metamorphosis s.
In an informal organization if members were to move on the group would not continue to exist Jex, Applying Organizational Psychology Paper Organization psychology is defined by the study of the way that people work within an organization, and how people interact within an organization (Jex & Britt, ).
Research along with evaluation how the structure of an organization is a key component to organizational psychology (Carr, ).
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Conclusion Organizational psychology is defined as the scientific study of individual and group behavior in formal organizational settings. The steps involved in the recruitment and selection process include strategic planning, sourcing candidates, preliminary screening, selection interviewing and the selection.
Applying Organizational Psychology The purpose of this paper is to explain how the principles of organizational psychology can be applied to organizational recruitment and socialization. The author will explicate the recruitment process from an organizational and applicant perspective.
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Sash University of Phoenix Organizational Psychology PSY/ Denisha White April 19, Organizational Psychology Paper To understand the full concept of organizational psychology, he or she should be able to define organizational psychology.
Applying Organizational Psychology Institution Date Abstract This paper is based upon understanding the Principles of organizational psychology along with analyzing its application in the sectors of recruitment and socialization process.Download